Investing in the Future!

Developing and providing relevant and quality education in pre-primary, primary and secondary levels of education

Worldwide Recognize

A nationally and internationally recognised institution that develops quality programmes, curriculum and instructional materials.

Matching Learner Needs

Adoption of curriculum planning elements to ensure that learner needs are met as well as  the nation as a whole.

Stakeholder Involvement

We ensure that all stakeholders are represented in policy-making and professional-technical levels.

Limitless learning, more possibilities

The establishment of the National Curriculum Development Centre (NCDC) as an integral part of the Ministry of Education and Training (MOE) in 1980 was to ensure the provision of quality and relevant education to the people of Lesotho. This was to be met by providing a curriculum that would respond to the needs of the children in schools as well as the nation at large. It had been realized that the temporary institution which was established to fulfil this task in 1974, could not do so effectively unless it was transformed into a permanent institution. An institution known as the Primary Curriculum Unit and later renamed Primary Curriculum Research Unit. NCDC has grown both in size and experience in its pursuit for the provision of relevant curriculum.

We have Strategy

We have two important strategies, which have been established in ensuring that the curriculum developed is relevant to the needs of both children and the nation at large. These strategies are coordinated by the National Curriculum Development Centre

Strategy One

The involvement of all relevant stakeholders in the curriculum development process

This strategy ensures that these stakeholders are represented in policy-making and professional-technical levels. These levels have representation from teachers, teacher-training institutions, subjects’ associations, inspectorate, examinations, senior officers of MOE and other institutions. The policy making level is represented by the National Curriculum Committee (NCC) while at professional-technical level there are different Subjects’ Panels. Subjects’ Panels translate educational goals and curriculum policies as determined by NCC in developing curriculum and materials in their respective subjects’ areas.

Strategy Two

The adoption of curriculum planning elements

The second strategy is the adoption of curriculum planning elements to ensure that the curriculum responds to the needs of the learners and the nation as a whole. The following elements have been adopted: • Situational analysis • Aims and goals formulation • Policy decisions • Curriculum development and trial • Implementation • Follow-up • Monitoring, feedback and evaluation

The curriculum development process is a pre-requisite for ensuring relevant and quality education for the nation and its stakeholders at large.

The National Curriculum

The aim of Lesotho education goes beyond ensuring acquisition of certain knowledge to developing skills for personal and social development. 


The aim is to ensure that learners to become able citizens in society while still in the learning process. The focus in pedagogy has therefore shifted more to teaching and learning methods that can further develop creativity, independence and survival skills of learners. Learners are to become more responsible for their own learning processes and thus should be able to identify, formulate and solve problems by themselves and evaluate their work. 

We believe that teaching methods which are learner-centred based more on learners’ own activities. Thus, integrated and learner-centred approaches to teaching and learning will be used in the implementation of curriculum in schools. Embedded within this is identification of behaviours associated with learning at different developmental stages of the young.

The methods of teaching enable development of skills and attitudes which equip learners, and society more generally to influence the rapid social and economic change.   

Organization of the school curriculum

The first seven years of Basic Education shall follow an integrated approach managed through five learning areas, with the gradual emergence of subjects in the last three years. The learning areas will form the basis of learning

In the last three years of Basic Education curriculum will be drawn from the core contributing subjects to the respective five learning areas. However, learners/schools will be expected to take content from only eight of the contributing subjects.

Learners will take a minimum of six subjects and a maximum of eight subjects at secondary level. 

Sesotho, English, Art & Crafts, Drama, Music and other languages

Compulsory: Sesotho & English

History, Religious Education, Health and Physical Education, Development Studies, Life Skills

Compulsory: Life Skills

Science, Geography, Agricultural Science, Technical Subjects

Compulsory: Science

Business Education, Clothing and Textile, Food and Nutrition, Home Management, ICT, Accounting

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